Enterprise Taxonomy Management

Development

Import, Edit, Enrich, Crosswalk, Review and Approve

Developing Controlled Vocabularies

After defining knowledge models, collaboration spaces and governance policies and procedures, the process of developing and managing taxonomies and ontologies can begin.

Using Industry Standards

Enterprises should review relevant industry standards describing the principles of controlled vocabulary management before preparing internal editorial guidelines. Two essential standards are ISO 25964-1:2011 and ANSI-NISO Z39.19-2005 (R2010).

ISO 25964-1:2011 is available for purchase from: https://www.iso.org/standard/53657.html

ANSI-NISO Z39.19-2005 (R2010) is available as free download from: https://www.niso.org/publications/ansiniso-z3919-2005-r2010

Before embarking on an enterprise taxonomy development initiative, enterprises should perform a thorough discovery and analysis exercise to ensure the level of effort has been scoped and the design of the taxonomies will address business goals and the requirements of consuming content management, tagging, and search and discovery systems.

Process Model for Taxonomy Development and Deployment

Synaptica’s professional services team have developed a process model for the discovery, development, and deployment of taxonomies, which is summarised in the following flowchart.

Taxonomy Development Workflows

Enterprise taxonomy development workflows include importing and manually creating concepts and their properties and relationships, creating and moving concepts within hierarchies, creating associative relationships, adding and editing concept labels and definitions, and building crosswalks to map one taxonomy to another. For stakeholder review and approval processes see the section on governance.

Importing Taxonomies

Enterprise taxonomy management systems should be capable of importing taxonomies in a variety of desktop-friendly human-readable formats (such as
MS Excel and CSV), as well as machine-friendly formats (such as RDF-XML, JSON, TriG, Turtle, etc.).

In the example below an Excel file contains a mixture of all of the common data elements found in a taxonomy including: a human-readable nested hierarchy of concepts, plus columns for definitions, synonyms and associative relationships.

Graphite supports the import of both human-readable and machine-readable files. They can either be imported starting from the top level of a taxonomy scheme, or as a structure placed under any existing concept.

During import systems must enforce all the business rules validations that would be performed if the data were being input manually, including preferred label uniqueness and circular reference checks, as well as cardinality checks. All editorial actions performed during an import must also be subject to user permissions.

After defining knowledge models, collaboration spaces and governance policies and procedures, the process of developing and managing taxonomies and ontologies can begin.

Download the full Synaptica Guide to Developing Enterprise Ontologies, Taxonomies, and Knowledge Graphs.

This Guide covers Governance, Development, how to transition from taxonomies to ontologies and includes the Ontotext 10 step method to creating Knowledge Graphs.

Download the Synaptica Guide